ACD/Name

Table VII Trivial Names of Hydroxy and Alkoxy Carboxylic Acids

Names of acids Acyl radicals
Systematic Trivial Trivial name Formula
Hydroxyethanoic Glucolic Glucoloyl
2-Hydroxypropanoic Lactic Lactoyl
2,3-Dihydroxypropanoic Glyceric Glyceroyl
Hydroxypropanedioic Tartronic Tartronoyl
Hydroxybutanedioic Malic Maloyl
2,3-Dihydroxybutanedioic Tartaric Tartaroyl
3-Hydroxy-2-
phenylpropanoic
Tropic Tropoyl
2-Hydroxy-2,2-
diphenylethanoic
Benzilic Benziloyl
o-Hydroxybenzoic Salicylic Salicyloyl
Methoxybenzoic Anisic Anisoyl
(p-shown)
4-Hydroxy-3-
methoxybenzoic
Vanillic Vanilloyl
3,4-Dimethoxybenzoic Veratric Veratroyl
3,4-Methylenedioxybenzoic Piperonylic Piperonyloyl
3,4-Dihydroxybenzoic Protocate-
chuic
Protocate-
chuoyl
3,4,5-Trihydroxybenzoic Gallic Galloyl


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