ACD/Name

Terpene Hydrocarbons

Rule A-74. Bicyclic Terpenes

74.1 - Bicyclic terpene hydrocarbons having the skeleton of Formula II or this skeleton and additional side chains except methyl or isopropyl (or methylene if one methylene group is already present) are named as thujane, thujene, thujadiene, etc., and are given the fixed numbering shown for thujane (Formula II). Other hydrocarbons containing the thujane ring-skeleton are named from bicyclo[3.1.0]hexane and are given systematic bicyclo numbering (cf. Rule A-31).

Examples to Rule A-74.1

74.2 - Bicyclic terpene hydrocarbons having the skeleton of Formula III, IV, or V and additional side chains except methyl (or methylene if one methylene group is already present) are named, respectively, as carane, carene, caradiene, etc.; pinane, pinene, pinadiene, etc.; bornane, bornene, bornadiene, etc. They are given, respectively, the fixed numbering shown for carane (Formula III), pinane (Formula IV), and bornane (Formula V). Other hydrocarbons containing the ring-skeleton of carane, pinane, or bornane are named, respectively, from norcarane (Formula VI), norpinane (Formula VII), or norbornane (Formula VIII). These names are preferred to those from bicyclo[4.1.0.]heptane, bicyclo[3.1.1]heptane, or bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane. The nor-names are given systematic bicyclo numbering (cf. Rule A-31).

Examples to Rule A-74.2

74.3 - The name "camphene" is retained for the unsubstituted compound 2,2-dimethyl-3-methylenenorbornane.

Examples to Rule A-74.3

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Terpene Radicals

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This HTML reproduction of Sections A, B and C of IUPAC "Blue Book" is as close as possible to the published version [see Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry, Sections A, B, C, D, E, F, and H, Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1979. Copyright 1979 IUPAC.] If you need to cite these rules please quote this reference as their source.

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