ACD/Name

Specific Classes of Compounds

R-5.4.2 Secondary and tertiary amines

Symmetrical secondary and tertiary amines NHR2 and NR3 may be named according to two method as follows:

(a) by citing the name of the substituent group R, preceded by the numerical prefix "di-" or "tri-", respectively, as a prefix to the name of the parent hydride azane;

(b) by citing the name of the substituent group R, preceded by "di-" or "tri-", as appropriate, and followed directly, without a space, by the name "amine".

Examples to R-5.4.2

(C6H5)2NH

(a) Diphenylazane

(b) Diphenylamine

(C2H5)3N

(a) Triethylazane

(b) Triethylamine

(ClCH2-CH2)2NH

(a) Bis(2-chloroethyl)azane

(b) Bis(2-chloroethyl)amine

2,2'-Dichlorodiethylamine

Unsymmetrical secondary and tertiary amines, , , and , may be named according to three methods as follows:

(a) as substituted derivatives of the parent hydride azane;

(b) as N-substituted derivatives of a primary amine RNH2 or a secondary amine R2NH;

(c) by citing the names of all substituent groups, R, , or R", preceded by appropriate numerical prefixes, and followed directly, without a space, by the class name "amine".

Substituent groups in names of unsymmetrical secondary and tertiary amines are ordered alphabetically.

Examples to R-5.4.2

Next:
R-5.4.3 Imines
R-5.4.4 Hydroxylamines
R-5.4.5 Amine oxides

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This HTML reproduction is as close as possible to the published version [see IUPAC, Commission on Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry. A Guide to IUPAC Nomenclature of Organic Compounds (Recommendations 1993), 1993, Blackwell Scientific publications, Copyright 1993 IUPAC]. If you need to cite these rules please quote this reference as their source.

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