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Table12 Suffixes and endings for carboxylic acids, some related characteristic groups, and substituted derivatives

(a) Monocarboxylic acids and related characteristic groups
-(C)OOH -oic acid -COOH -cardoxylic acid
-(C)OOR R . . . oate -COOR R . . . carboxylate
-olactone -carbolactone
-(C)O-X -oyl halide -CO-X -carbonyl halide
[-(C)O]2O -oic anhydride -(CO)2O -carboxylic anhydride
-(C)O-NH2 -amide -CONH2 -carboxamide
-nitrile -carbonitrile
(b) Dicarboxylic acids, related characteristic groups, and substituted derivatives
HOO(C). . .(C)OOH -dioic acid HOOC. . .COOH -dicarboxylic acid
-imide -dicarboximide
HOO(C). . .(C)O-NH2 -amic acid
HOO(C). . .(C)O-NH-C6H5 -anilic acid
HOO(C). . .(C)HO -aldehydic acid

This HTML reproduction is as close as possible to the published version [see IUPAC, Commission on Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry. A Guide to IUPAC Nomenclature of Organic Compounds (Recommendations 1993), 1993, Blackwell Scientific publications, Copyright 1993 IUPAC]. If you need to cite these rules please quote this reference as their source.

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