Aldehydes, Ketones, and their Derivatives

Ketones Rule C-312

312.1 - In substitutive nomenclature the name of an acyclic ketone is formed by adding the suffix "-one" or "-dione", etc., to the name of the hydrocarbon corresponding to the principal chain, with elision of terminal "e" (if present) before "one".

Examples to Rule C-312.1

Note: The following names are retained:

(see Rule C-74.1)

However, the use of other trivial names, such as butyrone, valerone, stearone, formed from acid names, is discouraged.

312.2 - Radicofunctional names of ketones, , are formed by citing the names of the radicals and followed by the word "ketone".

Examples to Rule C-312.2

See Recommendations'93 R-5.6.2

Ketones Rule C-313, Rule C-314, Rule C-315, Rule C-316 , Rule C-317, Rule C-318
Ketenes Rule C-321
Acetals and Acylals Rule C-331, Rule C-332, Rule C-333


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