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Table VI Trivial Names of some acids and their radicals

Names of acids Acyl radicals
Systematic Trivial Trivial name Formula
(a) Saturated aliphatic monocarboxylic acids (limiting list)
Methanoic Formic Formyl
Ethanoic Acetic Acetyl
Propanoic Propionic Propionyl
Butanoic Butyric Butyryl
Pentanoic Valeric Valeryl
2,2-Dimethylpropanoic Pivalic Pivaloyl
Dodecanoic Lauric Lauroyl
Tetradecanoic Myristic Myristoyl
Hexadecanoic Palmitic Palmitoyl
Octadecanoic Stearic Stearoyl
Note: The names caproic, caprylic, and capric acid (for hexanoic, octanoic, and decanoic acid, respectively) are abandoned.
(b) Saturated aliphatic dicarboxylic acids (limiting list)
Ethanedioic Oxalic Oxalyl
Propanedioic Malonic Malonyl
Butanedioic Succinic Succinyl
Pentanedioic Glutaric Glutaryl
Hexanedioic Adipic Adipoyl
Heptanedioic Pimelic Pimeloyl
Octanedioic Suberic Suberoyl
Nonanedioic Azelaic Azelaoyl
Decanedioic Sebacic Sebacoyl
(c) Unsaturated aliphatic acids (non-limiting list)
Propenoic Acrylic Acryloyl
Propynoic Propiolic Propioloyl
Methacrylic Mathacryloyl
trans-2-Butenoic Crotonic Crotonoyl
cis-2-Butenoic Isocrotonic Isocrotonoyl
Oleic Oleoyl
Elaidic Elaidoyl
cis-Butenedioic Maleic Maleoyl
trans-Butenedioic Fumaric Fumaroyl
cis-Methylbutenedioic Citraconic Citraconoyl
trans-Methylbutenedioic Mesaconic Mesaconoyl
(d) Carbocyclic carboxylic acids (non-limiting list)
pentanedicarboxylic acid
Camphoric Camphoroyl
Benzenecarboxylic Benzoic Benzoyl
1,2-Benzenedicarboxylic Phthalic Phthaloyl
1,3-Benzenedicarboxylic Isophthalic Isophthaloyl
1,4-Benzenedicarboxylic Terephthalic Terephthaloyl
Naphthalenecarboxylic Naphthoic Naphthoyl
Methylbenzenecarboxylic Toluic Toluoyl
2-Phenylpropanoic Hydratropic Hydratropoyl
2-Phenylpropenoic Atropic Atropoyl
Cinnamic Cinnamoyl
(e) Heterocyclic carboxylic acids (non-limiting list)
Furancarboxylic Furoic Furoyl
Thiophenecarboxylic Thenoic Thenoyl
3-Pyridinecarboxylic Nicotine Nicotinoyl
4-Pyridinecarboxylic Isonicotinic Isonicatinoyl

This HTML reproduction of Sections A, B and C of IUPAC "Blue Book" is as close as possible to the published version [see Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry, Sections A, B, C, D, E, F, and H, Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1979. Copyright 1979 IUPAC.] If you need to cite these rules please quote this reference as their source.

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