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Distinguishing Impurities … Part 5

The past few blogs, Part 3 and Part 4, have examined impurity(ies) identification from short-range 2D NMR experiments without much success. If proton singlets, possibly attributed to impurities, are to be distinguished from the main unknown, then long-range 2D NMR experiments may help out by establishing long-range correlations to other atoms.

A 1H-1H TOCSY experiment with a mixing time of 30 ms is shown below. The correlations are colour-coded based on intensity, red for a high intensity and green for a low intensity. The black line spanning across the 2D NMR spectrum indicates the diagonal.

ImpuritiesOnTOCSY_5_Jul1212009

The alleged impurity singlets at 1.68 and 2.14 ppm do not show any long correlations to any of the remaining 1H signals as seen by a lack of any off-diagonal peaks. Although it is still possible that the singlets can pertain to the main unknown through a lack of any ‘neighbouring’ protons to couple to, more data is definitely needed to support/dismiss this claim.