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ACD/Labs Blog

Part 1 presented a challenge to determine an experiment to distinguish two very similar products from each other, namely 3-methyl-5-(pyridin-2-yloxy)pyridine and 5'-methyl-2H-1,3'-bipyridin-2-one. The products have identical formula weights and the LC/MS and 1H NMR are too similar to draw any conclusion from.   The first step is to determine what is different between the two...

Infrared (IR) spectrometry is an excellent diagnostic tool for identifying, or lack of, a carbonyl functional group(s). Carbonyl stretching vibration absorbs between 1900-1600 cm-1—a region where few other functional groups absorb. In addition, the carbonyl vibration is typically intense and thus easy to spot. The gas phase FT-IR spectra, shown below, represent five carbonyl bands...

Infrared (IR) spectrometry can serve as a simple method to gather information on the presence of OH. Characteristic OH absorptions occur around the ranges of 3700-3200 cm-1 (OH stretching) and 1200-1000 cm-1 (OH bending). In the case of hydrogen-bonded OH, the band in the region 3700-3200 cm-1 generally appears broad and sometimes can go unnoticed....

The best use of a set of tools for a structure elucidation are those that have a general target or goal in mind. Random experiments for the sake of collecting data are a sure sign of inexperience. With that said, Infrared (IR) spectroscopy is a great tool for identifying or confirming a functional group(s). It...