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Parent Hydrides

R-2.4.2 Bridged parent hydrides - extension of the von Baeyer system

R- Bicyclic ring systems. Saturated homogeneous bicyclic systems having two or more atoms in common, are named by prefixing 'bicyclo-' to the name of the acyclic parent hydride that has the same total number of skeletal atoms; heteroatoms in an otherwise hydrocarbon system are indicated by replacement nomenclature using 'a' prefixes (see R-9.3). The number of skeletal atoms in each of the three acyclic chains (bridges) connecting the two common atoms (bridgeheads ) is given by arabic numbers cited in descending numerical order separated by full stops and enclosed in square brackets.

The system is numbered starting with one of the bridgeheads and proceeding through the longest bridge to the second bridgehead, continuing back to the first bridgehead by means of the longer unnumbered bridge; these two bridges constitute the 'main ring' of the system. Numbering is completed by numbering the remaining bridge (the shortest) beginning with the atom next to the first bridgehead.

Examples to R-

This method has also been used for bicyclic systems of alternating skeletal atoms.

Examples to R-

R- Polycyclic ring systems. Polycyclic analogues of saturated bicyclic ring systems (see R- are named by using the prefixes 'tricyclo-', 'tetracyclo-', etc., in place of 'bicyclo-'. The number of atoms in the additional bridges (called 'secondary bridges') is indicated by arabic numbers separated by full stops and cited, in decreasing numerical order, following those describing the largest bicyclic system. The location of each secondary bridge is indicated by the arabic number locants of the structure already numbered, which are cited as superscripts to the arabic number denoting its length and separated by a comma. When there are secondary bridges of equal length, they are cited in order of the increasing value of their lower-numbered bridgehead atom. The secondary bridges are numbered in decreasing order of size. Numbering of each bridge follows from the bridgehead already numbered proceeding from its higher numbered end. If bridges of equal lengths are present, numbering begins with the bridge having the highest numbered bridgehead atom.

Examples to R-

Prefixes such as 1Si- and 1N- are used in polycyclic systems of alternating skeletal atoms when it is necessary to indicate the atom at the bridgehead that is to have the locant '1'.

Examples to R-

R-2.4.3 Spiro parent hydrides
R-2.4.4 Ring assemblies
R-2.4.5 Cyclophanes
R-2.4.6 Natural product parent hydrides

This HTML reproduction is as close as possible to the published version [see IUPAC, Commission on Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry. A Guide to IUPAC Nomenclature of Organic Compounds (Recommendations 1993), 1993, Blackwell Scientific publications, Copyright 1993 IUPAC]. If you need to cite these rules please quote this reference as their source.

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