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Specific Classes of Compounds

R-5.5.1 Hydroxy compounds and analogues

R- Alcohols and phenols. In substitutive nomenclature, the hydroxy group, , as the principal characteristic group is indicated by adding a suffix, such as "-ol", "-diol", etc., as appropriate, to the name of the parent hydride with elision of a terminal "e" before a following vowel.

Examples to R-





Benzenehexol [see R-]

[see R-]



When a group having priority for citation as the principal characteristic group is also present, hydroxy groups are indicated by the prefix "hydroxy-".

Examples to R-

Functional class names for alcohols consist of the substituent prefix derived from the name of the corresponding parent hydride followed by the class name "alcohol" cited as a separate word.

Examples to R-

The following contracted names are retained for the structures shown and their positional isomers.

Some trivial names are retained (see R-9.1, Table 26(a)).

R- Sulfur, selenium, and tellurium analogues of alcohols and phenols are named in the same way by using suffixes such as "-thiol", "-selenol", and "-tellurol", and prefixes such as "sulfanyl-", "selanyl-", and "tellanyl-" to designate the characteristic groups , , and , respectively.

Examples to R-

R-5.5.2 Substituent prefixes derived from alcohols, phenols, and their analogues
R-5.5.3 Salts
R-5.5.4 Ethers and chalcogen analogues
R-5.5.5 Hydroperoxides and peroxides
R-5.5.6 Hydropolysulfides and polysulfides
R-5.5.7 Sulfoxides, sulfones, and their analogues

This HTML reproduction is as close as possible to the published version [see IUPAC, Commission on Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry. A Guide to IUPAC Nomenclature of Organic Compounds (Recommendations 1993), 1993, Blackwell Scientific publications, Copyright 1993 IUPAC]. If you need to cite these rules please quote this reference as their source.

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