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Carboxylic Acids and their Derivatives

Salts and Esters Rule C-461

461.1 - Neutral salts of carboxylic, amic, imidic, carboximidic, hydroxamic, carbohydroxamic, etc., acids are named by citing the cation(s) and then the anion (see Rule C-84.1) or, when the carboxyl groups of the acid are not all named as affixes, by use of a periphrase, such as "(metal) salt of (the acid)". When different acidic residues are present in one structure, prefixes are formed by changing the anion ending "-ate" to "-ato-" or "-ide" to "-ido-" (see Rule C-86.1); the prefix "carboxylato-" may be used to denote the ionic group .

Examples to Rule C-461.1

See Recommendations'93 R-5.7.1

Salts and Esters Rule C-462, Rule C-463, Rule C-464
Lactones, Lactides, Lactams, and Lactims Rule C-471, Rule C-472, Rule C-473, Rule C-474, Rule C-475
Acyl Halides Rule C-481
Acid Anhydrides Rule C-491


This HTML reproduction of Sections A, B and C of IUPAC "Blue Book" is as close as possible to the published version [see Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry, Sections A, B, C, D, E, F, and H, Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1979. Copyright 1979 IUPAC.] If you need to cite these rules please quote this reference as their source.

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