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Carboxylic Acids and their Derivatives
Simple Carboxylic Acids Rule C-405 405.1 - When hydroxyl has been removed from one or more, but not from all, the carboxyl groups present in an acid, the name of the radical
is formed by denoting the carboxyl groups by prefixes "carboxy-" and the carbonyl group by the suffix "-oyl" or "-carbonyl''.
405.2 - The following names of radicals are retained (see also Rule C-416.3 and, for amino-acyl radicals, Rule C-421):
Examples to Rule C-405.1
See Recommendations'93 R-5.7.1
Hydroxy, Alkoxy and Oxo Acids Rule C-411, Rule C-415, Rule C-416
Amino Acids Rule C-421
Amic acids Rule C-431
Peroxy Acids Rule C-441
Imidic, Hydrazonic, and Hydroxamic Acids Rule C-451
Salts and Esters Rule C-461, Rule C-462, Rule C-463,
Lactones, Lactides, Lactams, and Lactims Rule C-471, Rule C-472, Rule C-473,
Rule C-474, Rule C-475
Acyl Halides Rule C-481
Acid Anhydrides Rule C-491
This HTML reproduction of Sections A, B and C of IUPAC "Blue Book" is as close as possible to the
published version [see Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry, Sections A, B, C, D, E, F, and H, Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1979.
Copyright 1979 IUPAC.] If you need to cite these rules please quote this reference as their source.
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