Carboxylic Acids and their Derivatives
Hydroxy, Alkoxy and Oxo Acids Rule C-415 415.1 (Partly alternative to Rules C-416.1 and C-416.2) - The names of carboxylic acids containing an aldehydic and/or
one or more ketonic groups in the principal chain or parent ring system are generally derived from the names of the corresponding simple carboxylic acids by adding prefixes "oxo-",
"dioxo-", etc. (see Rule C-316.2).
415.2 - The prefixes "oxo-', "dioxo-'', etc., are used also in conjunctive names to indicate substitution.
Examples to Rule C-415.1
(see also Rule C-416.1)
415.3 - When a carbonyl group is at the point of attachment of a side chain in a carboxylic acid, the name of the side chain is the name of the acyl radical RCO- (including formyl
Examples to Rule C-415.2
415.4 - When a carbonyl group is present in a side chain but not at either end thereof an "oxoalkyl'' prefix is used.
Examples to Rule C-415.3
415.5 - When ring systems are united by a carbonyl group only and one of these ring systems carries a carboxyl group, the compound is named as an acid containing an acyl substituent
(see Rules C-403.2 andC-404).
Example to Rule C-415.4
See Recommendations'93 R-5.7.1
Examples to Rule C-415.5
Hydroxy, Alkoxy and Oxo Acids Rule C-416
Amino Acids Rule C-421
Amic acids Rule C-431
Peroxy Acids Rule C-441
Imidic, Hydrazonic, and Hydroxamic Acids Rule C-451
Salts and Esters Rule C-461, Rule C-462, Rule C-463,
Lactones, Lactides, Lactams, and Lactims Rule C-471, Rule C-472, Rule C-473,
Rule C-474, Rule C-475
Acyl Halides Rule C-481
Acid Anhydrides Rule C-491
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