Azo and Azoxy Compounds

Rule C-912. Azo compounds: Chemical Abstracts method

(Alternative to Rule C-911)

912.1 - As described in Rule C-911, but only in absence of a group that can be cited as a suffix, monoazo compounds RN=NR, in which the azo group -N=N- links radicals derived from parent molecules that, when unsubstituted, are identical, are named by adding the prefix "azo-" to the name of the unsubstituted parent molecule. Substituents are denoted in the usual way by prefixes and the shorter set (or, if of equal length, that with higher numbers) is distinguished by primes. The azo group has priority for lowest available numbers.

Example to Rule C-912.1

912.2 - When each group R in the azo compound RN=NR is (a) identical when unsubstituted and (b) carries the same number of the same group that is to be cited as suffix, then the azo compound is named as an assembly of identical units (see Subsection C-0.7). The name of the unsubstituted parent compound is preceded by a prefix "azodi-", and this is preceded by prefixes for the other substituents; the group to be cited as suffix is placed last. The suffix has a locant as low as possible and, if a choice remains, lower locants are next given to the azo links; the higher azo locant is primed, and so are the locants of any other substituents in the ring whose azo locant is primed.

Example to Rule C-912.2

912.3 - For other monoazo compounds RN=NR, derived from parent molecules RH that, when unsubstituted, are identical, the molecule RH carrying the larger number of groups to be cited as suffix is chosen as parent and named as substituted by all the remaining groups; the group R in the substituting RN=N- group is named as a radical

Examples to Rule C-912.3

(For numbering see Rule C-825.1)

912.4 - In the name of a monoazo compound , where the azo group links groups which, when unsubstituted, are different, a parent molecule is treated as substituted by a radical , that parent being chosen which has the larger number of the same group for citation as suffix; or, if the number in each is equal, the more complex group is chosen for the parent molecule .

Examples to Rule C-912.4

912.5 - Bisazo compounds and more complex analogues are named as follows: (a) as substituted derivatives of a parent chosen according to the principles of Rule C-912.4; or (b), when the terminal units are derived from identical molecules and when these units carry the greater number of the groups having priority for citation as suffix, then the whole may be named as an assembly of identical units (see Rule C-912.2).

Examples to Rule C-912.5

See Recommendations'93 R-5.3.3

Azo and Azoxy Compounds C-913
Hydrazines and Their Derivatives C-921, C-922, C-923
Diazonium and Ralated Groups C-931
Groups Containing Three or More Contiguous Nitrogen Atoms C-941, C-942
Compounds Containing a N=C-N or N=C=N Group C-951, C-952, C-953, C-954, C-955, C-956
Compounds Containing a N-C(-N)=N Group C-961, C-962
Compounds Containing a N-CO-N or Related Group C-971, C-972, C-973, C-974, C-975
Compounds Containing a N-CO-N-N or More Complex Group C-981, C-982, C-983, C-984, C-985


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