# ACD/Labs Blog

## Comparing band-selective HSQC data with non-selective HSQC data

There are many variants of 1H-13C HSQC experiments that can used for elucidating unknown molecules. In particular, band-selective HSQC data can assist with the data interpretation of correlations with regions exhibiting ambiguous assignments.1 For the following unknown compound, two 1H -13C HSQC spectra were collected. Both datasets (bsgHSQC and gHSQC) were processed with the same...

## Logic Puzzle #46: Negative correlation on the HSQC-DEPT … Solution

An HSQC-DEPT experiment shows one-bond correlations. The CH and CH3 groups are generally phased positive (red) and the CH2 groups are phased negative (blue). For the following known compound, the 1H -13C HSQC-DEPT spectrum (collected at 150 Hz coupling constant) below shows a negative correlation (blue) at 2.72 and 61.1 ppm with a 1H integral...

## Logic Puzzle #46: Negative correlation on the HSQC-DEPT

A key step in being a successful elucidator is to understand the principles behind the experiment. Below is one such case. For the following known compound, the 1H -13C HSQC-DEPT (or multiplicity-edited HSQC) spectrum (collected at 150 Hz coupling constant) below shows a negative correlation (blue) at 2.72 and 61.1 ppm with a 1H integral...

## Logic Puzzle #45: Assigning Correlations on an HMBC … Solution

An HMBC experiment correlates atoms over a longer range from 2-4 bonds. However, it can also exhibit correlations for 1-bond separation. For a pure, unknown compound, the 1H -13C HMBC spectrum below shows three correlations to the carbon at 42 ppm. The correlations at 3.50 and 4.05 ppm correlate the 1H signal at 3.75 ppm...

## Logic Puzzle #45: Assigning Correlations on an HMBC

An HMBC experiment can be a key part in solving for an unknown compound. In this puzzle, ‘extra’ correlations add an extra degree of difficulty to its interpretation. For a pure, unknown compound, the 1H -13C HMBC spectrum below shows three correlations to the carbon at 42 ppm. Can you interpret how the correlations at...

## Logic Puzzle #44: Oh Mighty INADEQUATE Experiment … Solution

13C-13C 1,1-INADEQUATE experiments offer a similar look to a 1H-1H COSY experiment. However, the INADEQUATE experiments do not have diagonal and off-diagonal peaks. The 13C-13C 1,1-INADEQUATE spectrum below shows 10 carbon atoms labeled C1 to C10. The pink lines connect the adjacent C atoms. There are 3 endpoints to the pink lines at C8, C9...

## Logic Puzzle #44: Oh Mighty INADEQUATE Experiment

If there were an ideal NMR experiment for an unknown compound, many organic chemists would consider a 2D 13C-13C 1,1-INADEQUATE (Incredible Natural Abundance DoublE QUAntum Transfer Experiment) to be it. The advantage of this experiment is the 1Jcc interaction that directly correlates a C atom to an adjacent C. The drawback is the long acquisition...

## Logic Puzzle #37: HSQC or TOCSY, the correlations both look the same! … Solution

Hybrid experiments, like an HSQC-TOCSY experiment, add an extra dimension to its interpretation. It is through practice that one can become familiar with interpreting the data easily. For an unknown compound, a 1H -13C HSQC-TOCSY spectrum was collected. There are 8 visible HSQC correlations circled in red and 10 TOCSY correlations circled in blue (numbered...

## Logic Puzzle #37: HSQC or TOCSY, the correlations both look the same!

Depending on the mixing time, HSQC-TOCSY experiments generally offer information on both short-range and long-range coupled nuclei. The issue arises in sorting out the HSQC correlations from the TOCSY ones. For an unknown compound, a 1H -13C HSQC-TOCSY spectrum was collected. The expanded region of the spectrum below shows several correlations. How many HSQC-related correlations...

## Logic Puzzle #36: Chemical Shifts and Carbon Hybridization States

With any experimental data, producing a list of scenarios that are consistent with the data can help guide an elucidator through the problem while ensuring nothing gets overlooked. For an unknown compound, the 1H -13C HMQC spectrum shows a CH group with a correlation at 7.0 and 113.0 ppm. Is the carbon hybridization an sp2 or...